Child Development: SS - 515 (F124) Study Guide

Jeffery Jankowski, Ph.D.

Child Development: SS - 515 (F124)

Study Guide - Exam 1

Chapter 1 - pgs.  9-23 & Chapter 2 – pgs. 28-37

  • Describe two major themes in child development research.
    • Continuity vs. Discontinuity
    • Nature vs. Nurture
  • What is a theory?
  • Understand the differences between the following perspectives on child development: Freudian, learning, biological, cognitive development, and information-processing.
  • What is the difference between naturalistic observation, structured observation, and self report?
  • What is the difference between the experimental method and correlational studies?
  • What is the difference between an experimental group and a control group?
  • What is the difference between an independent variable and a dependent variable?
  • What is the difference between a longitudinal and cross-section study?
  • What are benefits and drawbacks between a longitudinal and cross-sectional study?

Chapter 3 – pgs. 52-62, 68

  • What is genotype?
  • What is phenotype?
  • What is the difference between polygenetic inheritance and reaction range?
  • What have people concluded regarding the role of inheritance as seen in twin studies?

Chapter 4 - pgs. 76-92, 100-106

  • Regarding the three stage of prenatal development (zygote, embryo, and fetus):
    • How long do they last?
    • What are the hallmarks of each stage?
  • What are the five steps toward a healthy baby?
  • What are three risk factors in pregnancy?
    • Nutrition, Stress, Mother's age
  • What are three teratogens that affect prenatal development?
    • Diseases, Drugs, and Environmental Hazards
  • Understand he difference between the reflexes of the newborn.

Chapter 6 – pgs. 144-167

  • What is the difference between sensation and perception?
  • What is the process of habituation?
  • What are the signs of hearing impairment?
  • Describe the visual abilities of infants in the first year of life.
  • What is perceptual constancy?
  • Describe the study of depth perception in infants.
  • What is attention?
  • Describe the symptoms of ADHD.