Jeffery Jankowski, Ph.D.
Child Development: SS - 515 (F124)
Study Guide - Exam 1
Chapter 1 - pgs. 9-23 & Chapter 2 – pgs. 28-37
- Describe two major themes in child development research.
- Continuity vs. Discontinuity
- Nature vs. Nurture
- What is a theory?
- Understand the differences between the following perspectives on child development: Freudian, learning, biological, cognitive development, and information-processing.
- What is the difference between naturalistic observation, structured observation, and self report?
- What is the difference between the experimental method and correlational studies?
- What is the difference between an experimental group and a control group?
- What is the difference between an independent variable and a dependent variable?
- What is the difference between a longitudinal and cross-section study?
- What are benefits and drawbacks between a longitudinal and cross-sectional study?
Chapter 3 – pgs. 52-62, 68
- What is genotype?
- What is phenotype?
- What is the difference between polygenetic inheritance and reaction range?
- What have people concluded regarding the role of inheritance as seen in twin studies?
Chapter 4 - pgs. 76-92, 100-106
- Regarding the three stage of prenatal development (zygote, embryo, and fetus):
- How long do they last?
- What are the hallmarks of each stage?
- What are the five steps toward a healthy baby?
- What are three risk factors in pregnancy?
- Nutrition, Stress, Mother's age
- What are three teratogens that affect prenatal development?
- Diseases, Drugs, and Environmental Hazards
- Understand he difference between the reflexes of the newborn.
Chapter 6 – pgs. 144-167
- What is the difference between sensation and perception?
- What is the process of habituation?
- What are the signs of hearing impairment?
- Describe the visual abilities of infants in the first year of life.
- What is perceptual constancy?
- Describe the study of depth perception in infants.
- What is attention?
- Describe the symptoms of ADHD.