Memorials for




Memorials have a great affect on a person’s state of mind.  Memorials can make a person cry, think, reflect, and reminisce on past experiences. Not every person feels sympathetic at first. A person can feel angry, frustrated or even confused about what has happened. Memorials do not have to be for the specific purpose of making a person sympathize with someone else, or sympathize for the person who has died. Memorials can help people reflect. They can give a release of anger and frustration that may be within the person at the time. With the help of “green landscaping” and “water patterns”, memorials are made to be more personal, yet allow individuals to reflect on an experience. They can help a person remember and accept what has happened.   

     As Maya Lin said “If you cannot accept death then you will never get over it”. Memorials help you reflect and accept the fact that your loved one has passed on, enabling you to move on but not forget. As an example of this was the Vietnam Veterans Memorial created by Maya Lin. It is outspoken and angry in the way in which it functions as a visual scar, (the war and people will always be remembered) yet is dignified for the way in which it carves out an area for a public display of pain and grief. The emotions of pain and grief is necessary to the healing process, which provokes others or oneself to have sympathy for the one who has passed, or for someone else who knows someone who has passed.

 While there are structural memorials made of brick and stone, water plays a large role in the atmosphere of memorials. Landscape that has water as a background or water that takes part in the landscape as a reflection site can help sooth a person’s state of mind. Water can help the atmosphere of which you are standing. Water provides a soothing, relaxing quality. The unfaltering flow of water can mirror the unfaltering flow of blood within our hearts.

Joellyn Duesberry is a landscape artist who creates oil paintings and monotypes that capture a wide variety of scenery. Joeyllyn Duesberry did one of her paintings on the 91st floor of the World Trade Center, and painted the landscape of the city. For Joellyn Duesberry being on top of the World Trade center had a personal affect in order for her to reflect and help her paint the landscape of the city.

Maya Lin created scenery with the same sense of movement and spontaneity. Both these artists try to capture a person’s mind, body and soul, in a piece of artwork or creation. Both of these artists are very talented in the way that they can make a person feel emotions they never thought they had until entering a memorial or looking at a painting created by either one of these women.


Achievement is unique to and infinite in every individual, a search for the voice of self that to Duesberry "is the only true originality worth offering." (Ruthe 22)

Feelings of being successful can be defined differently to everyone. For Duesberry to be “you” and for her to be able to express herself through her work is a success to her, for Duesberry this is only way she can be original and offer her insights to the world as does Maya Lin through her landscape creations.

As an example of the below picture, water can serve as a meditation method, as a release of frustration and it can also serve as a relaxation method. Water can be used during landscaping to set a specific mood or to create a reflection mood for a person.

     The Parque Ecologico Xochimilco is an example of this type of water method which uses hydraulics to test the velocity and water pressure but the Parque Ecologico Xochimilco also wants to create a good landscape design with good Green Infrastructure. Green infrastructure can be defined as nature’s natural life support system. Green infrastructure can encompass a wide range of landscape such as wetlands, woodlands, parks, as well as public and private working lands of conservation value, such as forests, farms and ranches. With the hydraulic and green infrastructure method, the Parque Ecologico Xochimilco regulates the amount of water being used, and it also helps the landscaping in the area to help create better structure and atmosphere for those who wish to visit.



Sustainable design is essentially the use of design and construction methods and materials that are resource efficient and that will not interfere with the health of the environment or with the associated health and well-being of the building's, builders, the general public, or future generations. Sustainable design is also referred to as "green" or "environmentally-sound" building.

 “Environmentalism and the ethic of “sustainable design”, says Beardsley, now encourage landscape architects to develop “green infrastructure” for improved energy efficiency, storm water management, waste water treatment, bioremediation, vegetal roofing, and recycling”. (Beardsley 100).


Beardsley teaches courses in landscape architectural history, theory, and writing, including Theories and Practices of Contemporary Landscape Architecture.  Beardsley explains in his quote that environmentalism helps to encourage landscape architects to help to develop Green Infrastructure to improve water management to help create better landscaping, therefore creating better atmosphere and surroundings for a more peaceful and healthy state of mind.




 Quarterly,Wilson.  “Remaking the Landscape” Spring 2001, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p100,3p,1bw


Ruthe, Thomas.  “The Nature of Abstraction” American Artist, Nov 2002, Vol.66 Issue 724, p22, 10p, 15c.