Courses In Biology

Biology

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BI-100 Series Courses

BI-110 Fundamentals of Life Science

3 class hours; 3 credits
Satisfies the Non-laboratory Science component of the Science and Mathematics requirements for the A.A. degree and the liberal arts core or elective requirements for the A.S. degree.
Students who feel they need to reinforce their science background are urged to take BI-110 either before or with the indicated courses.

Presents basic concepts of the life sciences. Includes scientific measurement, the properties of matter and energy on which life is dependent, and levels of organization.
Especially recommended for those students who plan to take additional courses in the life sciences. Credit will not be given to students who have successfully completed BI-140, 160, 201, 301, or 501 prior to taking BI-110.

BI-115 Introduction to Biology for Science Majors

3 class hours; and 3 credits
Prerequisites and/or co-requisites: BE 112 (or 205) and 122 (or 126) or satisfactory score on the CUNY/ ACT Assessment test.

The major concepts of biology including biochemistry, cell biology, genetics, and evolution are presented with an emphasis on their relevance to human biology. The course provides a foundation in hypothesis testing, experimental design, data interpretation and scientific communication needed for success in major’s Biology.

BI-120 Evolution and Man

3 class hours; 3 credits - Offered as needed.
Prerequisite: BE-112 (or 205) and 122 (or 226), or satisfactory score on the English Placement Test.
Satisfies the non-laboratory science requirement for A.A. degree. Not recommended for students in the A.S. in Liberal Arts and Sciences (Mathematics and Science) curriculum.

The principles and mechanisms of evolutionary change, including adaptation, mutation, differential reproduction, genetic drift, and speciation. The primate fossil record, hominid evolutionary trends, and the emergence of homo sapiens.

BI-140 Principles of Biology

3 class hours; 3 laboratory hours; 4 credits
Prerequisite: BE-112 (or 205) and 122 (or 226) or satisfactory score on the English Placement Test.
Not recommended for students in the A.S. in Liberal Arts and Sciences (Mathematics and Science) curriculum. Credit will not be given to students who have successfully completed BI-201.

A comprehensive approach to the interaction of living things in the biological world. Topics include the cellular basis of life, genetics, reproduction, evolution, and ecology. The laboratory experience includes dissection of selected vertebrates.

BI-150 Organization and Delivery of Health Care

2 class hours; 2 credits

This course is designed to provide a review of government and private health care administration for the general population of the United States. It introduces concepts of epidemiology and demographics as well as issues of access and ethics, and discusses the roles, responsibilities, training/education and certification requirements, and employment trends for a wide variety of health professionals.

BI-170 Plants and People

3 class; hours 3 credits
Prerequisite: BE-112 (or 205) and 122 (or 126), or satisfactory score on the English Placement Test.
Satisfies the nonlaboratory science requirement for the A.A. degree. Not recommended for students In the A.S. In Liberal Arts and Sciences (Mathematics and Science) curriculum.

Plant forms and functions including plant evolution, ecology, heredity and diseases; plants in history, folklore, agriculture, horticulture, and industry, plant drugs and poison.

BI-171 Laboratory: Plants and People

3 laboratory hours; 1 credit - Offered in the Fall Semester.
Prerequisite or corequisite: BI-170.
Completion of BI-170 and 171 satisfies the laboratory science requirement (except for the A.S. In Liberal Arts and Sciences [Mathematics and Science] curriculum), or free elective credit in all curricula.

Laboratory experiments and demonstrations of the practical aspects of plants as they relate directly to our lives.

BI-200 Series Courses

BI-201 General Biology I

3 class hours; 3 laboratory hours; 4 credits
Prerequisite: BE-112 (or 205) and 122 (or 226) or satisfactory score on the English Placement Test.

Structure of the cell and molecular basis of life. Classical and modern genetics and “molecular biology.” Homeostasis-control mechanisms, both intracellular and intercellular. A comparative study of organ systems with emphasis on the vertebrate, using laboratory dissection of selected animals.

BI-202 General Biology II

3 class hours 3 laboratory hours 4 credits
Prerequisite: BI-201

Strategy of populations in ecology and evolution; diversity of modern plant and animal life, their adaptations and evolutionary relationships. Laboratory includes dissection of representative species.

BI-235 Human Anatomy

3 class hours; 3 laboratory hours; 4 credits - Offered in the Fall Semester.
Prerequisite: BI-201

The anatomy of the human body from cellular organization to the systems. Laboratory work includes studies of slides, and the human skeleton, and dissection of representative mammals.

Credit will not be given for both BI-235 and BI-301, 302.

BI-250 The Professional Physician Assistant

2 class hours 2 credits Offered in Fall Semester.
Prerequisite or corequisite: Permission of the Department.
May not be used to satisfy the liberal arts and sciences core or elective requirements in any curriculum.

A comprehensive examination of the history, role orientation, training, practice characteristics, professional acceptance, certification, and legal issues of physician assistants and intense introduction to medical terminology. Many of the presentations will be given by certified physician assistants. Designed to provide transition of the pre-physician assistant into the professional phase of a baccalaureate physician assistant program.

BI-300 Series Courses

BI-301 Anatomy and Physiology I

3 class hours 3 laboratory hours 4 credits
Prerequisite: BE-112 (or 205) and 122 (or 226) or satisfactory score on the English Placement Test.
Students may not receive credit for BI-301 without BI-302.

Biological chemistry , cellular ultrastructure and metabolism, tissues and organs: detailed consideration of the human integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. Laboratory work includes mammalian dissection and physiological experiments.

BI-302 Anatomy and Physiology II

3 class hours; 3 laboratory hours; 4 credits
Prerequisite: BI-301

Detailed consideration of circulatory, lymphatic, urogenital, and digestive systems. Laboratory work as in BI-301.

BI-311 Microbiology

3 class hours; 3 laboratory hours; 4 credits
Prerequisite: BI-202 or 302. May not be taken by those students who have completed BI-46l.

Study of bacteria, molds, yeasts, and viruses, with emphasis on micro-organisms associated with Infectious diseases. Laboratory work Includes basic microbiological techniques, and procedures for sterilization and disinfection.

BI-320 Principles of Endocrinology

3 class hours; 3 credits - Offered in Fall Semester.
Prerequisite: BI-201 or 302, or the equivalent, or permission of the Department.
This course is a suitable elective for the student planning a career in the health sciences and for other interested students who meet the prerequisites.

Functional analysis of the mechanisms of the endocrine system In Its normal and pathological state. Emphasis on hormonal regulation in humans from cellular to organ-system level. Some lab oratory demonstrations Included.

BI-325 Neurophysiology*

3 lecture hours; 3 credits
Prerequisite: BI-301 and 302, or BI-235 and 421.

The human nervous system is studied as a major regulatory sys tem of the body. The curriculum Includes a review of the neuron, Impulse, CNS and PNS, ANA, and special senses. Emphasis Is placed on the major spinal nerve plexi, neurological-endocrine relationships and current data supporting neuro-immune relationships.

* This course does not satisfy the laboratory science requirement.

BI-330 Myology*

2 lecture hours 3 laboratory hours; 3 credits
Prerequisite: BE-112 or 205, and 122 or 126, or satisfactory score on placement tests.
Corequisite: BI-301

The anatomy of the muscular system and its relationship to the skeleton are studied. Muscle location, attachments, nerve control and blood supply are examined for all regions of the body. Laboratory involves the study of models and the use of palpation to identify body parts.

* This course does not satisfy the laboratory science requirement.

BI-331 Kinesiology*

2 lecture hours; 3 laboratory hours; 3 credits
Prerequisite or Corequisite: BE-330 or the permission of the instructor.

The study of the dynamics of body movement. The joints of the body are studied for their mobility and its limitations in the nor mal individual. Muscles are studied for their individual actions and their role in group actions. The laboratory involves the extensive use of palpation and muscle testing. Each student per forms the hands-on testing of range of motion.

* This course does not satisfy the laboratory science requirement.

BI-340 Assisting in the Medical Office: Clinical Testing Procedures

1 class hour; 2 laboratory hours; 2 credits - Offered in Spring Semester.
Prerequisite: BI-110 and BI-520 for students in the Medical Office Assistant Certificate Program.
(Students not enrolled in the Medical Office Assistant Certificate Program may substitute BI-140, 201, 301, or the equivalent.) Not open to students in the Medical Laboratory Technology Program who are required to take BI-401 and BI-407.
Does not fulfill laboratory science requirements for the A.A. and A.S. degrees and may not be used as part of the concentration for the A.S. in Liberal Arts and Sciences (Mathematics and Science) curriculum.

Acquaints the student with common clinical testing procedures performed by the medical office assistant in the examining rooms, treatment rooms, and laboratories of medical offices, clinics, and health maintenance organizations.

BI-341 Assisting in the Medical Office: Medical Assisting Procedures

1 class hour; 2 laboratory hours; 2 credits - Offered in Spring Semester.
Prerequisite: BI-110 and BI-520 for students in the Medical Office Assistant Certificate Program.
(Students not enrolled in the Medical Office Assistant Certificate Program may substitute BI-140, 201, 301, or the equivalent).
Does not fulfill laboratory science requirements for the A.A. and A.S. degrees and may not be used as part of the concentration for the A.S. in Liberal Arts and Sciences (Mathematics and Science) curriculum.

Acquaints the student with common medical assisting procedures performed by the medical office assistant in the examining room, the treatment room of medical offices, clinics, and health maintenance organizations.

BI-356 Principles of Genetics

4 class hours; 4 credits
Prerequisite: BI-201 with a C or better.

Molecular and general genetics. DNA structure, function, replication, mutations, recombinant DNA technology, RFLPs, cloning strategy and application. Gene structure, regulation, genetic code in prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems. Mendelian genetics and its application to population genetics.

BI-357 Bioinformatics/Computational

3 class hours; 3 credits
Prerequisite: BI-201 and BI-453 with a grade of C or better Scientific concepts and computational methods of bioinformatics.

Topics include sequence alignments, searching for homologous sequences, building phylogenetic trees and protein modeling. Current applications of computational biology in biotechnology and biochemistry. Use of bioinformatics as a tool for research in various biological fields.

BI-400 Series Courses

BI-401 Hematology and Urinalysis

2 class hours; 3 laboratory hours; 3 credits - Offered as needed.
Prerequisite: BI-201 or 301. Credit will not be given for both BI-401 and 340.

Proper handling and care of laboratory equipment; instruction in blood collecting techniques; fundamentals and procedures of urinalysis and hematology; intensive practice with clinical material.

BI-403 Medical Terminology

2 class hours; 2 credits

Basic structure of medical words including prefixes, suffixes, roots, combining forms, plurals, pronunciation, spelling and definitions.

BI-421 Human Physiology

3 class hours; 3 laboratory hours; 4 credits - Offered in the Spring Semester.
Prerequisite: BI-201, and either BI-202 or 235.

A comprehensive study of human function. Biological chemistry, cellular metabolism, and organ to systemic processes are discussed. Homeostatic mechanisms are stressed. Laboratory exercises demonstrate physiological principles using living systems and train the student in electronic instrumentation and in the use of the computer in report preparation.

BI-451 Phlebotomy Technology

1 class hour; 1 laboratory hour; 1 credit - Consists of five three-hour classes and two three-hour laboratories.
Prerequisite: NU-102 or corequisite; BI-401 or 340, or permission of the Department. Free elective only.

An examination of the role of the phlebotomist as a vital member of the health care team. The theory and practice of the techniques for successfully obtaining blood specimens will be covered in lecture and laboratory sessions. The course includes one field trip to a clinical facility.

BI-452 EKG Technology

2 credits - Offered as needed. Nine three-hour classes and five three-hour laboratories
Prerequisite: BI-341 or NU-102. This course may be an advised or free elective in the Medical Office Assistant Certificate program or a free elective in any other program.

This course provides the student with the basic knowledge and practical experience needed to perform an EKG. It includes training in electrocardiography, understanding EKG, and recognition of cardiac emergencies. Students must achieve a passing grade in both the lecture and laboratory components to pass the course.

BI-453 Biotechnology

3 class hours; 4 laboratory hours; 5 credits
Prerequisite: BI-201 and permission of the instructor.

A course in molecular biology that introduces recombinant DNA techniques and methods of genome analysis that are currently employed in industry. Topics covered include gel electrophoresis, plasmid transformation, restriction mapping of chromosomes, Southern hybridization, Polymerase Chain Reaction and forensic, DNA fingerprinting.

BI-456 Introduction to Biological Research

2 class hours; 4 laboratory hours; 4 credits
Prerequisite: BI-201
Co-requisites: BI-202 and permission of the instructor.

An introduction to current biological techniques including protein biochemistry, molecular biology and microbiology. Other topics include laboratory safety, scientific literature review, analysis and interpretation of data; written and oral communication of results. Students will be expected to carry out group or independent research.

BI-480 Environmental Science

3 class hours lecture; 3 class hours lab; 4 credits
Prerequisites: BE-112 (or 205) and BE-122 (or 226) or satisfactory scores on the CUNY ACT Assessment test.

An introduction to Earth’s natural systems, including ecosystem structure and function.
Topics include human impact on the environment, air and water pollution, global climate change, and sustainability of natural resources and environmental quality. Field trips are required.

NOTE: Students will not be given credit for both BI-501 and BI-480.

BI-500 Series Courses

BI-501 Environmental Health

3 class hours; 3 laboratory hours; 4 credits - Offered in Spring Semester.
Prerequisite: BI-112 (or 205) and 122 (or 226) or satisfactory score on the English Placement Test.
Can be used to fulfill the laboratory science requirement for a degree.

An introduction to our environment and its influence on human health; emphasis on scientific principles needed to understand environmental requirements of life; role of air, water, food, energy; effect of pollutants. Laboratory may involve field trips.

BI-505 The Environmental Health Professional

1 class hour; 1 credit - Offered in Fall Semester.
May not be used to fulfill the liberal arts and sciences core or elective requirement in any curriculum.

A survey of the field of Environmental Health. including its history and traditional areas of concern. such as air. water. waste management. and risk assessment. Other topics include degrees, certification. and environmental health agencies. Guest lecturers. films. field trips. and seminars will be scheduled.

BI-510 Pharmacology

3 class hours; 3 credits
Prerequisite: BI-302 or the equivalent as determined by the Department.
Suggested as an elective course for Allied Health students. Satisfies the liberal arts and sciences elective requirement in all curricula.

Basic principles of pharmacology; effects of drugs on the body; reactions of the body to drugs as foreign chemicals; principal actions and untoward effects of the major classes of therapeutic agents; use of drugs to alleviate or remedy altered physiological functions associated with various disease states.

BI-520 Public Health Science

3 class hours; 3 laboratory hours (including field observations); 4 credits
Prerequisite: BE-112 (or 205) and 122 (or 226) or satisfactory score on the English Placement Test.
Can be used to fulfill the laboratory science requirement for a degree. Not recommended for students in the A.S. in Business Administration (Transfer) program.

A study of how society deals with health and disease; topics include major determinants of health and disease. community health. health care delivery systems and manpower. Selected exercises in physiology and anatomy provide background need ed to understand major problems in environmental health and public health. Field observations at nearby community health, environmental, and industrial facilities reinforce these concepts.

BI-550, 551 Field Internship in Health Sciences

2 credits each course
Prerequisite: Open only to matriculated students who have completed at least 12 credits of required laboratory courses in the EH. HS or AS curriculum; have a minimum cumulative index of 2.0; and are recommended by the Departmental adviser.
Students must contact the Departmental adviser during the semester, prior to enrollment, to make necessary arrangements. This internship is strongly recommended for students intending to pursue careers in Environmental Health, Pre-Occupational Therapy, Pre-Physical Therapy, as well as selected other health science fields. Can be used to satisfy the major concentration but not the basic liberal arts and sciences core in the A.S. in Liberal Arts and Sciences (Mathematics and Science) curriculum.

Students are selected by the adviser for this course on the basis of academic preparation and suitability for the field experience. subject to availability. The field internship supplements class room theory and laboratory instruction with related profession al training without compensation. Students are placed with selected agencies for a minimum of 90 hours. Course requirements include a monthly seminar of at least two hours for the discussion of field assignments. and submission of a final report covering the activities participated in during the experience. The final grade is determined by the departmental adviser. Proof of liability insurance may be required. All internships must be completed before graduation to be included in the student's degree certification.

BI-554 Research Laboratory Initernship

90 hours; 2 credits
Prerequisite: BI-201 and permission of the instructor.

This internship provides an opportunity to learn advanced techniques and gain practical experienceworking in a modern research laboratory. Students are placed with selected research laboratories for a minimum of 90 hours. Course requirements include submission of a detailed lab notebook and a final report summarizing the activities at the end (exact schedule to be arranged with affiliated lab) of the internship. A final grade will be determined by the internship coordinator based upon the final report, lab notebook, and lab supervisor’s evaluation.

BI-558 Computers in Health Science

1 class hour; 2 laboratory hours 2 credits - Offered as needed.

Computer systems used in the health sciences are explained and demonstrated with “hands-on” experience using the IBM-PC. Programs provide comprehensive functions such as patient profiles, charges and billing, labeling, etc., that would normally be performed in hospitals, nursing homes, clinical laboratories, and other health-related agencies that utilize computers.

BI-560 Introduction to the Pharmacy

2 lecture hours; 2 credits - Offered as needed.

Presents basic concepts of the pharmaceutical profession. Includes history, legal aspects, terminology , official compendiums, drug categories. and management.

BI-900 Series Courses

BI-950, 951, 952 Field Experience in Medical Assisting

1 credit each; minimum of 45 hours for each credit.
Students may request field experiences up to a maximum of 3 credits, but should register for a minimum of 2 credits.
Open to matriculated students in the Medical Office Assistant, Nursing (pre-clinical or clinical), or the Office Administration and Technology curricula with a grade-point index of at least 2.0. Students must apply during the semester prior to enrollment so mat proper arrangements can be made. These courses may be applied as advised electives or free electives in other curricula.

This field experience provides an opportunity for students to become acquainted with areas of medical assisting so that students can make intelligent, informed career choices and decisions. It allows students to gain appropriate practical experience in a doctor's office, health maintenance office, clinic, hospital, or other health-related facility. This can facilitate job acquisition on completion of the various programs in allied health professions. The field experience supplements classroom theory and laboratory instruction with related professional training. Students will be selected by the Field Experience Coordinator on the basis of their academic preparation, their suitability for work experience, and availability of positions. Students meet with the coordinator at least once a week to discuss their progress. A final paper covering activities during the field experience must be submitted and a written evaluation is requested from the field experience supervisor. A final grade will be determined by the field experience coordinator. Proof of liability insurance may be required. All internships must be completed before graduation to be included in the student's degree certification.

BI-953, 954 Cooperative Education in Medical Assisting

1 credit each, minimum of 45 hours experience for each credit.
Prerequisite: Open only to matriculated students in the Medical Office Assistant, Nursing (pre-clinical or clinical), or the Office Administration and Technology curricula who have completed a minimum of 8 credits with a grade-point index of at least 2.5 in their major field of study.
Students must apply the semester before they plan to enroll so proper arrangements can be made. These courses can be used as free electives in all curricula; students in the Medical Office Assistant Certificate program can apply these courses as advised or as free electives up to a maximum of 4 credits if combined with BI-950, 951, 952 (Field Experience in Medical Assisting).

Provides an opportunity for a salaried experience assisting in a doctor's office, clinic, or other health care-related facility. Students are selected by the cooperative education coordinator based on preparation for and availability of positions. A grade of Pass or Fail will be awarded by the cooperative education coordinator. Proof of liability insurance may be required. All intern ships must be completed before graduation to be included in the student's degree certification.

BI-961 Phlebotomy Practice

100 hours; 2 credits
Prerequisite: BI-451, and permission of instructor prior to registration.

Phlebotomy practice in a cooperating hospital structured to pro vide the student with all the competencies required by nation al professional certification agencies. Proof of liability insurance may be required. All internships must be completed before graduation to be included in the student's degree certification. Enrollment limited.

BI-991 Cooperative Education in the Health Professions

Hours to be arranged 2 credits
Prerequisite: Open to matriculated students who have completed at least 12 credits of course work in a health care-related curriculum including at least one laboratory course; have a cumulative index of at least 2.0; and are recommended by the course coordinator.
Students MUST contact the coordinator during the semester prior to enrollment to make the necessary arrangements. Can be used to satisfy the major concentration but not the basic liberal arts and sciences core for the A.S. (Mathematics and Science) degree program.

Students are selected for employment in a field experience with compensation to the student. Students are placed with selected cooperative employers for a minimum of 90 hours. Course requirements include weekly meetings with the coordinator . submission of weekly progress reports, and a final report covering the activities in the experience. The final grade is determined by the cooperative education coordinator, who assigns a grade of Pass or Fail. based on weekly and final reports and field site evaluation. Proof of liability insurance may be required. All internships must be completed before graduation to be included in the student's degree certification.

Interdisciplinary Course

IS-151 The Health of the Nation

2 class hours; 2 credits

This course provides an examination of the health status of different populations in the United States. Concepts of epidemiology, health promotion and disease prevention are discussed. The characteristics of special populations are addressed, as are some of the major threats to the health, safety and welfare of individuals and society.

Please note: BI-140, 201, 202, 301, 302, and certain advanced courses in Biology require laboratory dissections of selected animals. In those courses in which a kit is loaned to the student, the course work will not be considered complete until the materials have been returned.


Special Note: The above courses are offered every semester, unless otherwise indicated; for example, “Offered in Fall Semester”, “Offered in Spring Semester”, or “Offered as needed.”



Course Offerings


A.S. Degree Programs