- What is
- What are the
Levels of Assessment?
- Why is Assessment
- What are myths &
facts about assessment?
- What is the
What is Assessment?
To insure that an institution’s assessment is valid and meaningful, assessment must be a process that is comprehensive, integrated, and sustained.
- Assessment is comprehensive when it takes into account all levels and all branches of the institution
Assessment of Institutional Effectiveness
Administrative Assessment of all services in support of student learning
Academic Assessment of Student Learning
Assessment is integrated when there is a clear, conceptual alignment among objectives at different but related levels of the institution.
Assessment is sustained when the institution at each level has agreed to a timetable for the assessments that occur at each level.
Administrative assessment of services in support of student learning examines the core activities, key performance indicators, projected and actual outcomes, and year-to-year planning impact of all non-teaching departments at the college.
The year-end report template is the organizing document for administrative assessment at the departmental level.
The corresponding divisional head receives the department year-end reports for review, consultation, and approval.
A divisional review and approval process allows the institution to identify and respond to strategic needs at a level at which the departmental head alone is not able to respond. For instance, the divisional year-end reports suggest relevant outcomes and/or action plans to help inform the Strategic Planning Completion Report.
Myth: Assessment will be used for evaluation of faculty, administrators, or staff members.
Fact: Assessment is not documentation used for annual reviews or for decisions on promotion or tenure. It is unethical to use assessment results for the purposes of faculty, administrators or staff evaluation.
Myth: Assessment is for faculty.
Fact: Assessment is for everyone! For administration, it enables the institution to identify and respond to strategic needs at a level at which the departmental head alone is not able to respond. For instance, the divisional review suggest relevant outcomes and/or action plans to help inform the Strategic Planning Completion Report.
Myth: There is no real benefit from doing assessment.
Fact: Department assessment is of key importance for a divisional review and approval process.
Myth: Surveys are the only way to assess the students’ perception of the program.
Fact: While surveys are one way to assess the outcomes of services, there are several other methods as well.
Myth: Academic assessment is more significant for student learning than administrative assessment.
Fact: Academic assessment and administrative assessment are both of significant importance to student learning.
What is the Assessment Process?
The assessment process involves establishing clearly articulated goals and measurable expected outcomes.
- Systematically gathering, analyzing, and interpreting evidence from the outcomes to determine how well those outcomes have been achieved.
- Using the resulting information from evidence and discussion to affirm institutional effectiveness or to promote continuous improvement.
The first step to developing an effective assessment is the design. The assessment design is created using the core activities, key performance indicators, projected and actual outcomes, and year-to-year planning.
In the design process, administrative offices/departments develop or select methods to measure outcomes for services in support student learning:
Reviewing process of actual samples of student work.
Collection of information through means other than looking at actual samples of student work. These include surveys, exit interviews, and focus groups.
Evaluation of the impact on student learning as measured by a pretest and posttest.
Method of classifying and categorizing student behaviors or products along a continuum. Rubrics can be used to assess writing, research reports, performances, portfolios, and problem-solving, among others.
Plan of Action
Once the design is created, the next phase is a plan of action that includes:
- Setting goals for implementation
- Setting a schedule to determine how and when the assessment will be implemented
- Select number of students to be assessed
- Determine other preparation steps needed (e.g., administrative and collection procedures for assessment)
After a solid design and plan of action is set, the assessment process is ready for implementation:
- Gathering evidence of the effectiveness of services in support of student learning
- Monitoring progress
- Recording the step of implementation and any changes to the plan of action
Evaluation and Recommendations
Following the implementation are the evaluation and recommendations.
Evaluation and recommendations include:
- Analyzing the data – scoring using rubrics
- Writing up the results
- Making recommendations for continued assessment based on the findings
- Compiling assessment information in a department year-end report
Evaluation and recommendations are used for:
- Continuous Improvement of Programs and Services in Support of Student Learning
- Informed Planning and Resource Allocation Decisions
Evaluation and recommendations are included in:
- Department Year-End Reports
- College Re-Accreditation Reports
- College Strategic Planning Reports