Chapter 12. CONCLUSION

Last Issues

In this last module we are to examine the nature of Philosophy itself.  This topic "What is Philosophy?" is one of the Issues in Philosophy.  It is one of the perennial questions.  Philosophy is the only discipline of thought in which to ask "What is Philosophy?" remains a questions within the discipline.  For example if you were to ask, "What is Biology?" the attempt to answer that question is not an activity that is part of biology itself.  the answering of the question "What is Biology?" does not involve the study of life.  Likewise, asking and answering the questions: "What is Poetry?" or "What is geometry?" are not activities that are themselves either poetry or geometry.  Only Philosophy has an examination of its own nature as part of its own discipline. 

In the next  and last section I shall offer my views of the topic of Philosophy.  I shall present and explicate the following notion of what Philosophy is and something of its value. 

Philosophy is the most critical and comprehensive manner of thinking devised by human beings.

Before going to my own concluding thoughts on the nature and future of Philosophy you might want to listen to some mildly amusing comments on and about Philosophy by the actor and comedian, John Cleese.  They were offered in the first chapter and hearing them now or again now they may have a different meaning and value for you.

They are available here at:  

topics include:

Track 1: What is it that philosophers do? (0:55)
Track 2: Living the ideal of a scientific life (0:42)
Track 3: You are fully alive only if you live in the present (0:34)
Track 4: We move in a formation (0:41)
Track 5: The meaning of life (0:36)
Track 6: Obligations to future generations (0:41)
Track 7: Desiring what we don't have (0:52)
Track 8: Life seems better elsewhere (0:38)
Track 9: Who philosophy has inspired (0:46)
Track 10: Is it good the world is becoming more uniform? (1:00)
Track 11: Mystery and politics (0:40)
Track 12: Philosophy bakes no bread, so what is it good for? (0:52)
Track 13: Quality of life or quantity? (0:33)
Track 14: Courage is knowing what to fear (0:50)
Track 15: Is seeing our dreams fulfilled terrible? (0:35)
Track 16: Values change (0:44)
Track 17: How should one decide what to do? (0:40)
Track 18: Philosophy seems so harmless and yet ideas really matter (0:32)
Track 19: The 21st century belongs to philosophy (0:42)
Track 20: How can we tell if our neighbors are any good? (0:40)
Track 21: Why are we afraid to die? (0:31)
Track 22: Is it more important in life to get what we want or to like what we get? (0:38)

Proceed to the next section.

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Introduction to Philosophy by Philip A. Pecorino is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

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