|Overview:||Cardiologists treat diseases of the heart. They use electrocardiograms, and miniaturized cameras inserted into the heart's arteries to diagnose heart problems. They also use physical stress tests to measure the impact of exercise on the patient's heart. They decide if heart surgery is needed.|
|Duties:||They diagnose malfunctions and diseases of the heart and blood vessels by means of electrocardiograph instruments, stress testing and the use of radioactive materials injected into the blood stream.
They perform detailed analyses of the heart by angiograms that require a miniature camera be inserted in a vein and then manipulated by the cardiologist into the heart.
They confer with heart surgeons to determine whether surgery is appropriate and the types of surgery to use. They may recommend open heart surgery, valve replacement, a pace-maker or angioplasty.
They recommend prescriptions to reduce heart fatigue, blood clotting, and cholesterol reducing medication. They prescribe exercises and diets to reduce possibilities of heart attack or stroke.
|Degree(s):||A.S. Health Sciences
A.S. Liberal Arts and Sciences (Mathematics and Science)
|Job Outlook:||Employment of cardiologists (MD) is expected to grow much faster than average through 2018. The growing and aging population will drive overall growth in the demand for physician services, as consumers continue to demand high levels of care using the latest technologies, diagnostic tests, and therapies.|
|Salary Range (National Average):||$115,000 to $130,000|
|Education Level:||This occupation generally requires an advanced degree (e.g. Ph.D.). The typical commitment is a minimum of 3 years of study beyond a Bachelor’s or Master’s Degree.|
|Additional Training/Education:||All states require cardiologists to be licensed. Licensing involves graduation from a medical school (usually 4 years), passing an examination, and up to 7 years of "residency" graduate medical training in cardiology. The minimum educational requirement for acceptance to most medical schools is 3 years of college study.|
* National data collected by the Department of Labor in 2014 with projections through 2024. For New York green job information .
Understanding acquiring positions in this field may be enhanced through continuing academic study (i.e. earning a baccalaureate or a master's degree) and/or work experience in the field, Queensborough Community College has established transfer agreementswith other institutions for students who wish to further pursue their educational goals. Students are highly encouraged to meet with one of our Career Services to fully understand the opportunities available through study in their degree program.